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Marine & Coasts

Fisherman PowerImage: Victor Barro

Malaysia is a country surrounded by seas and has a total coastline of 4,492km. It is 63,665.3 sq km in size. The Exclusive Economic Zone is 548,800 sq km in size. As a result it is indeed a challenge to manage the marine resources and the environment within Malaysia’s territorial sea. The fisheries sector is one of the main economic source for the country. This sector has played an important role as the cheapest protein source. 

SAM has found that the fisheries sector has shown rapid development since even before Malaysia was granted independence. However, throughout this period, there have been a lot of negative development too. This can be seen in the management of fisheries resources, law enforcement on fisheries, natural marine life habitat conservation (mangrove forest, sea grass and corals), socio economic status of coastal fishermen and other aspects that require much attention. 

The deterioration of natural habitats leading to the decline in fisheries resources will cause a collapse in the country’s fisheries industry. The continuous and serious decline of the fisheries resource will lead to the instability of the marine and coastal ecosystems and the extinction of many species. On land, fishermen would not be able to go to sea anymore. Lately, the coastal areas have been threatened by numerous development projects such as the destruction of mangrove forests, industrial acquaculture, heavy industrial development among others. This is a worrying trend for SAM as they hugely impact the fishery resources directly. 

Hence, in an effort to fulfill the protein needs of society and to ensure that the national fisheries industry expands with sustainability of the marine resource in mind, SAM feels that there is a need for all quarters to work together to find a sensible solution so that the fishery resources would be managed sustainably.


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Atasi segera masalah pencemaran di parit-parit JPS, Daerah Seberang Perai Selatan

Nelayan menunjukkan tumbuhan liar menjalar di Sungai Jawi.                Gambar : SAM

Kenyataan Media                                    16 Ogos 2017

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) dan Persatuan Kebajikan Nelayan-Nelayan Pantai Pulau Pinang (PIFWA) meminta pihak Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran (JPS) dan pihak-pihak yang berkenaan memantau dan mengatasi masalah pencemaran parit-parit kawalan JPS yang dilihat semakin ketara pencemaran airnya pada ketika ini.

Antara parit-parit yang didapati tercemar adalah Parit D3 (Parit Paya Mahang B), Parit A3/PT.SIAM A3, Parit E2 (Parit Kg.Baru B) dan beberapa parit lagi sekitar kawasan Seberang Perai Selatan (SPS). Parit-parit tersebut dapat dilihat dengan jelas dari jalan besar dan melalui Lebuhraya Utara Selatan di susur masuk plaza tol Batu Kawan. Selainnya kena menyelusuri jalan ban melalui Sungai Bakap, Batu Kawan, Bukit Tambun, Simpang Ampat (Daerah SPS) serta Mukim 12, Jalan Kebun Baru dan Jalan Ban Sungai Sembilang, Juru (Daerah SPT).

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Pollution in did drainage systems at Seberang Perai Selatan Needs to be resolved immediately

nelayanPress Statement                                     16 August 2017

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) and Penang Inshore Fishermen Welfare Association (PIFWA) are requesting the Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) and related agencies to monitor and address the water pollution problems in DID’s drainage systems that are becoming more noticeable day by day.

The drains that are found polluted includes Parit D3 (Parit Paya Mahang B), Parit A3/PT.SIAM A3, Parit E2 (Parit Kg.Baru B) and few other drains around the area of Seberang Perai Selatan. These drains can be clearly seen from the main road and the North-South Expressway, from the Batu Kawan toll exit. Other than that, these drains can also be seen by accessing the following roads: Sungai Bakap, Batu Kawan, Bukit Tambun, Simpang Ampat (SPS District) as well as Mukim 12 Jalan Kebun Baru and Jalan Ban Sungai Sembilang, Juru (Seberang Perai Tengah District).

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International Day of the World’s Indigenous People

Now more than ever we stand in solidarity with indigenous communities in their historic struggle: statement from Friends of the Earth Asia Pacific. Today on International Day of the World’s Indigenous People, Friends of the Earth Asia Pacific (FoE APAC) groups from 12 countries are celebrating the stories of the indigenous communities. 

Globally, there are an estimated 370 million indigenous peoples, the majority of whom are living in the Asia Pacific region. UN figures indicate that they make up less than 5% of the global population and are considered to belong to the poorest 15%.

For hundreds of years, indigenous communities have struggled for the recognition of indigenous rights and the protection of their lives, culture and territories. These collective struggles have resulted in the adoption of the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2007. Although awareness of indigenous people’s rights and struggles has increased, the struggle for genuine recognition especially on the rights to self-determination, including collective rights to land, resources and territories are still wanting and need to be realized.

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Halt construction of more dams in Sarawak

Letter to the Editor                                 Aug 8, 2017

SAM is gravely concerned with the proposal to proceed with the construction of the Trusan dam in Lawas, Sarawak, as announced by its Chief Minister on July 21. The dam has a planned generation capacity of 275 MW. It is one of the 12 hydroelectric projects proposed for Sarawak, which also include the Murum, Baram and Baleh dams. The Murum dam has already been completed. The construction of the Baleh dam, with a planned generation capacity of 1,285 MW, is expected to commence in October 2018 and completed in 2025.

However, the construction of the Baram dam was called off by the former Chief Minister of Sarawak, the late Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Datuk Amar Adenan Satem, in March 2016, amid the sustained blockade and protest by affected communities. As reported by Channel News Asia later in May 2016, Adenan stressed that the cancellation of the Baram dam was the result of his examination on the matter. “Thereʼs no need to have another big dam. We can have mini dams and so on, but not a big dam especially when we donʼt supply (power) to west Malaysia anymore.”

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Hentikan Pembinaan Lebih Banyak Empangan di Sarawak

Surat Kepada Pengarang                        8  Ogos  2017

SAM amat gusar dengan cadangan untuk meneruskan pembinaan empangan Trusan di Lawas, Sarawak, seperti yang diumumkan oleh Ketua Menteri Sarawak pada Julai 21. Empangan yang dicadang mempunyai kapasiti penjanaan 275 MW. Ia merupakan salah satu daripada 12 projek hidroelektrik di Sarawak, yang termasuk empangan Murum, Baram dan Baleh. Empangan Murum telah disiapkan. Pembinaan empangan Baleh dengan perancangan kapasiti penjanaan 1,285 MW, adalah dijangka bermula pada  Oktober 2018 dan disiapkan pada tahun 2025.

Walau bagaimanapun, pembinaan empangan Baram telah dibatalkan oleh bekas Ketua Menteri Sarawak, Mendiang Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Datuk Amar Adenan Satem, pada Mac 2016, lanjutan daripada sekatan (blockade) dan bantahan oleh komuniti terjejas yang berterusan.  Seperti yang dilaporkan oleh Channel News Asia pada Mei 2016, Adenan menegaskan bahawa pembatalan empangan Baram adalah hasil pemeriksaannya terhadap perkara tersebut.  “Tidak perlu mempunyai empangan besar lagi. Kita boleh mempunyai empangan mini dan sebagainya, tetapi bukan empangan besar terutamanya apabila kita tidak membekalkan (kuasa) ke Semenanjung Malaysia lagi.”

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Quarrying Approved in Segari Melintang Forest Reserve: Perak State Authority Not Adhering to Resolution of the National Land Council

Forest area destroyed      Picture : SAM

Media Statement                                      7 August 2017

Statement by the Perak State Forestry Director Datuk Mohamed Zin Yusof that logging areas in part of Compartment 13, 14, 15 and 16, Segari Melintang Forest Reserve (HS Segari Melintang) in  Manjung District, Perak has been approved for quarrying confirms Sahabat Alam Malaysia’s (SAM ) prior assertions on this matter.

The approval of quarry activities in the Permanent Reserved Forests (HSK) is contradictory and does not comply with the 70th Meeting of the National Land Council in 2014.

The National Land Council had advised all State Authorities to take initiatives to control or if possible to avoid any approval of mining and quarrying activities within a Permanent Reserved Forest (PRF).

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Kelulusan Kuari di Hutan Simpan Segari Melintang: Pihak Berkuasa Negeri Perak Tidak Mematuhi Ketetapan Majlis Tanah Negara

Kawasan hutan yang di musnahkan                        Gambar : SAM

Kenyataan Media                                    7 Ogos 2017

Kenyataan Pengarah Perhutanan Negeri Perak, Datuk Mohamed Zin Yusof bahawa kawasan pembalakan di sebahagian Kompartmen 13, 14, 15 dan 16, Hutan Simpan Segari Melintang (HS Segari Melintang), Daerah Manjung, Perak dilulus untuk dijadikan kuari telah mengesahkan dakwaan Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) sebelum ini.

Kelulusan kegiatan kuari dalam Hutan Simpanan Kekal (HSK) adalah bercanggah dan tidak mematuhi ketetapan Mesyuarat Majlis Tanah Negara (MTN) ke-70 tahun 2014.

MTN telah menyarankan semua Pihak Berkuasa Negeri mengambil inisiatif mengawal atau sebolehnya mengelakkan sebarang kelulusan kegiatan perlombongan dan kuari dalam kawasan HSK.

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Trees chopped down in several areas in Kuala Kangsar, Perak

Field officer from Sahabat Alam Malaysia explaining to journalist about the types of trees  cut down by the river of Sungai Perak in Kuala Kangsar       Picture : SAM

Media statement                                     24 July 2017

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) sadly discovered that several trees have been felled in a number of areas in Kuala Kangsar, mainly in Sungai Perak Square (Dataran Sungai Perak) and Jalan Dato' Sagor.

SAM found that the trees that had been cut down were mature trees.  The trees at Jalan Dato' Sagor that were chopped down were estimated to be over 30 years old.

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Penebangan pokok-pokok di beberapa Kawasan di Kuala Kangsar, Perak

Pokok besar yang di tebang di Kuala Kangsar.             Gambar SAM

Kenyataan Akhbar                                  24 Julai 2017

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) dukacita apabila mendapati sebilangan pokok telah ditebang di beberapa kawasan di Kuala Kangsar terutama di Dataran Sungai Perak dan Jalan Dato' Sagor.

SAM mendapati pokok-pokok yang telah ditebang adalah pokok yang telah matang manakala usia pokok yang telah ditebang di Jalan Dato' Sagor dianggarkan lebih 30 tahun.

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Nelayan Sungai Kerian, daerah Seberang Perai Selatan berdepan krisis kemerosotan hasil tangkapan udang galah

Nelayan yang sedang menjala udang galah.           gambar : SAM

Kenyataan Media                                    18 Julai 2017

Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang, Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan (PBT) dan pihak berkuasa berkenaan perlu memandang serius serta mengambil inisiatif bagi mengatasi pelbagai masalah yang mengancam sumber pendapatan nelayan sungai di perairan Sungai Kerian, Daerah Seberang Perai Selatan ketika ini.

Masalah yang berlaku sejak beberapa tahun lalu itu telah menyebabkan nelayan-nelayan terbabit menghadapi kemerosotan hasil tangkapan. Majoriti nelayan di sungai tersebut hanya menjadikan udang galah sebagai hasil tangkapan utama. Masalah yang dihadapi oleh nelayan-nelayan di sungai terbabit antaranya ialah bot besar menyauk siput, sangkar ikan, stor pendaratan ikan baja, bubu naga, pembuangan ikan keli dan kolam ternakan yang masih dalam proses pembinaan.

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