Fikirkan Semula Paradigma Pembangunan Untuk Menghindari Krisis Pada Masa Depan Berikutan Salah Urus Alam Sekitar

Pesanan dari Presiden SAM                                     22 April 2020

Hari ini, 22hb April adalah Hari Bumi. Ianya adalah hari untuk mengingati Bumi dan bagaimana kita memperlakukannya. Kali ini, Hari Bumi berlangsung pada masa COVID-19 melanda Bumi kita, ketika ekonomi dunia tergendala, dengan sekatan serta kawalan diadakan untuk menangani kesan buruk dari pandemik kesihatan ini.

Ia juga merupakan masa ketika pelepasan gas rumah hijau dan tahap pencemaran turun di seluruh dunia, yang sukar untuk dicapai sebelumnya. Seperti ungkapan dalam Editorial Guardian (U.K, 14 Mac), "brek terhadap pelbagai jenis kegiatan ekonomi di seluruh dunia telah menyebabkan pengurangan pelepasan karbon yang sebelumnya tidak dapat difikirkan: 18% di China antara Februari dan Mac; antara 40% dan 60% sejak beberapa minggu kebelakangan ini di Eropah ”.

Kita juga telah melihat laporan media dan video tentang langit, laut, sungai dan badan air yang lebih jelas dan bersih, dan kawasan bandar melihat kembali kemunculan haiwan dan burung kerana kurang lalu lintas dan kebisingan

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Rethink Development Paradigm In Averting Future Crises Due To Environmental Mismanagement

Message from the President of SAM                        22 April 2020 

It is Earth Day on April 22.  It is a day to remember Mother Earth and how we treat her. This time, Earth Day is happening during the time of COVID-19, when the world economy has been put on brakes, with lockdowns in place to counter the devastating health impacts of the pandemic.

It is also a time when greenhouse gas emissions and pollution levels have come down world over, which have not been possible before. As a recent editorial in the Guardian (U.K, March 14) revealed, “the brakes placed on economic activities of many kinds, worldwide have led to carbon emission cuts that would previously have been unthinkable: 18% in China between February and March; between 40% and 60% over recent weeks in Europe”.  

We have also seen media reports and videos of clearer and cleaner skies, seas, rivers and waterways, and urban spaces seeing the return of animals and birds as traffic and noise have gone away.

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Hentikan Penggunaan Hempedu Beruang Dalam Rawatan COVID-19

Surat Kepada Pengarang                           20 April 2020

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) merasa amat bimbang apabila mengetahui bahawa Suruhanjaya Kesihatan Kebangsaan China telah mengesyorkan penggunaan hempedu beruang dalam rawatan kes COVID-19 yang teruk dan kritikal.

Langkah ini merupakan tamparan hebat bagi para pelindung alam di seluruh dunia kerana pada 24 Februari, China telah mengumumkan larangan perdagangan hidupan liar yang menyeluruh dan melarang penjualan hidupan liar untuk makanan, dengan alasan risiko penyakit merebak dari haiwan ke manusia berikutan kemunculan coronavirus novel yang telah melanda seluruh dunia.

Suruhanjaya Kesihatan Kebangsaan China dalam mengesyorkan rawatan untuk koronavirus yang merangkumi hempedu beruang menyoroti pendekatan bertentangan terhadap hidupan liar iaitu dalam menghentikan perdagangan haiwan hidup untuk makanan di satu pihak dan sebaliknya mempromosikan perdagangan bahagian haiwan untuk tujuan lain.

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Use of bear bile in COVID-19 treatment should be stopped

Letter to the Editor                                    20 April 2020

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is gravely concerned to learn that the National Health Commission of China has recommended the use of bear bile in the treatment of severe and critical cases of COVID-19.  

This move is a blow to conservationists worldwide, as on Feb 24th this year, China declared an immediate and comprehensive ban on the trade in wildlife and the sale of wild animals for food, citing the risk of diseases spreading from animals to humans, following the emergence of the novel coronavirus which has wreaked havoc across the world.

The Chinese National Health Commission, in recommending treatments for the coronavirus that includes bear bile, highlights a contradictory approach to wildlife viz. shutting down the live trade in animals for food on the one hand while promoting the trade and use of animal parts on the other.

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Halt the de-gazettement and development. It is not the right answer to solving issues of fire-prone forests, experts say

PRESS RELEASE : SAVE KUALA LANGAT NORTH FOREST RESERVE FROM DE-GAZETTEMENT

SELANGOR, 16 APRIL 2020: As the country is mired in COVID-19 crisis, the situation of the Kuala Langat North Forest Reserve (KLNFR) remains unknown. The Coalition for the Protection of Selangor’s Forests had demanded through its press statement on March 26 that the de-gazettement process for the KLNFR to be suspended due to the COVID-19 outbreak. The current Movement Control Order (MCO) has made it impossible to have any proper assessment of impacts or dialogue on the proposed de-gazettement. The Coalition also disagrees with the justification provided by the Selangor state government that the land is being developed because it is “fire-prone”.  

Leela Panikkar, Director of Treat Every Environment Special (TrEES) and coordinator of the Coalition said, “The extension of the MCO to April 28 has made it impossible to undertake any detailed environmental and social impact assessment as it will involve site visits and consultation with all related stakeholders. Local communities are still unaware of the proposed project. The Selangor state government until now has not provided any explanation of how the proposed development will benefit the indigenous people living near KLNFR and other stakeholders. This needs to be formally clarified publicly to all stakeholders”.

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Alam Sekitar Harus Diutamakan Untuk Menghindari Krisis Kesihatan Dan Iklim Di Masa Depan

Surat Kepada Pengarang                             15 April 2020

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) berpandangan bahawa pandemik Covid-19 telah menunjukkan bahawa sekiranya alam semulajadi dan ekosistem dimusnahkan, diteroka dan terus merosot, kesihatan awam akan terancam dengan cara yang belum pernah kita bayangkan sebelumnya.

Program Alam Sekitar Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (United Nations Environment Programme - UNEP) menyatakan minggu lalu bahawa 75 peratus daripada semua penyakit berjangkit yang muncul pada manusia adalah zoonosis, iaitu berasal dari haiwan, sama ada dari haiwan liar atau dari yang dijinakkan.

Seperti yang telah kita ketahui, pandemik Covid-19 dipercayai timbul daripada perdagangan hidupan liar untuk penggunaan manusia, dengan koronavirus menyebar dari haiwan liar ke manusia.

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Environment Must Take Centre Stage To Avert Future Health And Climate Crisis

Letter to the Editor                                       15 April 2020

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is of the view that the Covid-19 pandemic has shown that if we relentlessly destroy, degrade and encroach on nature and ecosystems, public health will be gravely endangered in ways that we have not imagined before.

Indeed, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) noted last week that 75 per cent of all emerging infectious diseases in humans are zoonotic, i.e. coming from animals, whether from the wild or from those which are domesticated.

As we have learnt, the Covid-19 pandemic is believed to have been unleashed due to the trade in wildlife for human consumption, with the coronavirus spreading from wild animals to humans.

The consequences have been catastrophic world over, with a recent UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) study pointing out that a US$ 2.5 trillion support package is needed for developing countries facing unprecedented economic damage from the pandemic.

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Lindungi kebajikan komuniti orang asal di Sarawak semasa PKP

Umbut pisang dijadikan makan oleh Komuniti Orang Asal Sarawak di pendalaman semasa PKP     Gambar : SAM

Kenyataan media                                      2 April 2020

SAM telah menerima laporan dari komuniti orang asal di pedalaman Sarawak tentang bagaimana perintah kawalan pergerakan (PKP) telah memberikan kesan terhadap mereka. Komuniti ini kini bimbang tentang bekalan makanan penting, barangan keperluan seharian dan wang tunai yang semakin berkurangan, dan ketidakupayaan mereka untuk mencapai perkhidmatan kesihatan, perbankan dan pelbagai perkhidmatan penting yang lain di bandar-bandar terdekat.

Akibat dari pengurangan kesuburan tanah dan pembiakan makhluk perosak yang berpunca dari operasi pembalakan dan perladangan, di dalam 30 tahun terakhir ini, ramai keluarga orang asal di Sarawak telah terpaksa menghentikan penanaman padi bukit. Untuk keluarga seperti ini, beras sekarang dibeli dari bandar yang terdekat, sama juga seperti minyak masak, herba dan rempah ratus perasa, sos, gula, garam, susu formula bayi, tepung, kopi dan teh, dan barangan kegunaan seharian seperti bahanapi dan produk penjagaan diri dan pencucian. Mereka masih bernasib baik kerana dapat memperolehi sayur-sayuran, buah-buahan dan ikan dari tanah pertanian dan sungai, membuktikan betapa pentingnya strategi kepelbagaian pertanian untuk jaminan bekalan makanan.

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Protect the welfare of indigenous communities in Sarawak amid the MCO

Indigenous communities depend on food from their farms to supplement during the MCO            Picture: SAM

Media statement                                         2 April 2020

SAM has been receiving reports from indigenous communities in interior Sarawak, which describe how the movement control order (MCO) has affected them. The communities are currently anxious over the dwindling supply of essential food items, daily necessities and cash, and their inability to access medical, banking and other essential services and sell their produce in the nearest rural towns.

As a result of the decline in soil fertility and the proliferation of pests brought about by logging and plantation operations, in the last 30 years, many Sarawak indigenous families had been forced to abandon the cultivation of hill rice. For such families, rice is now purchased in the nearest town, along with other food items such as cooking oil, seasoning herbs and spices, sauces, sugar, salt, infant formula, flour, coffee and tea as well as daily necessities such as fuel and personal care and cleaning products. Fortunately, they are still able to depend on their farms and rivers to provide them with vegetables, fruits and fish, proving to us how a diversified agricultural strategy is instrumental for food security.

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Pendapatan Dan Kehidupan Komuniti Nelayan Pantai Terjejas Akibat Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP)

KENYATAAN MEDIA                                  28 MAC 2020

Persatuan Pendidikan dan Kebajikan Jaringan Nelayan Pantai Malaysia (JARING) menyambut baik tindakan kerajaan melaksanakan Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) bagi membendung penularan wabak Covid-19.

Walaubagaimanapun, pelaksanaan PKP yang berkuatkuasa pada 18 Mac 2020 lalu telah memberikan kesan negatif kepada sebahagian sektor perikanan negara terutamanya kepada komuniti nelayan pantai. Pada masa yang sama pelaksanaan PKP turut mendedahkan kepincangan yang wujud dalam rantaian bekalan (supply chain) industri perikanan negara yang  mengakibatkan pendapatan dan kehidupan komuniti nelayan pantai khususnya terjejas.

Walaupun PKP membenarkan nelayan turun ke laut (beroperasi) bagi memastikan rantaian bekalan makanan negara tidak terputus dan keselamatan makanan (food security) negara terjamin namun hasil tangkapan nelayan khususnya nelayan pantai tidak dapat dijual kerana peraih (orang tengah) tidak lagi membeli hasil tangkapan apabila sebahagian pasar ditutup manakala yang beroperasi pula telah dihadkan masa operasi.

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