Plastik Hari Lautan Sedunia 2018 : SAM Gesa Haramkan Plastik Guna Sekali untuk Mencegah Pencemaran plastik

Kenyataan Akhbar                                   7 Jun 2018

Pencemaran plastik telah menjadi masalah serius yang menjejaskan alam sekitar marin. Fokus tindakan utama Hari Lautan Sedunia tahun ini, yang disambut setiap tahun pada 8 Jun, ialah untuk mencegah pencemaran plastik dan menggalakkan penyelesaian bagi lautan yang lebih sihat. Oleh itu, Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) menggesa penghapusan plastik guna sekali sebagai langkah pertama untuk membanteras pencemaran plastik.

Pembungkusan plastik merupakan kira-kira separuh daripada sisa plastik di dunia. Plastik guna sekali yang paling biasa ditemui dalam alam sekitar ialah puntung rokok, botol minuman plastik, penutup botol plastik, pembungkus makanan, beg plastik runcit, tudung plastik, penyedut minuman dan pengacau plastik, beg plastik jenis lain, dan bekas bawa pulang jenis busa. (The State of Plastic Report 2018 @UNEnvironment)

Kebanyakan plastik yang dihasilkan di seluruh dunia direka bentuk untuk dibuang. Sehingga 2017, dianggarkan 8,300 juta tan metrik (Mt) plastik dihasilkan. Sehingga 2015, hanya sekitar 9% telah dikitar semula, 12% dibakar, dan 79% terkumpul di tapak pembuangan sampah atau alam sekitar. Jika aliran pengurusan sisa dan pengeluaran semasa berterusan, diramalkan kira-kira 12,000 Mt sisa plastik akan berakhir di tapak pembuangan sampah atau dalam alam sekitar menjelang 2050 (Geyer et. al).

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World Oceans Day 2018: SAM calls for Ban of Single-Use Plastics to Prevent Plastic Pollution

Press Statement                                          7 June 2018

Plastic pollution has become a serious problem affecting the marine environment. This year’s main action focus of World Oceans Day, celebrated each year on 8 June, is to prevent plastic pollution and encourage solutions for a healthy ocean.  Hence, Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) calls for elimination of single-use plastics as a first step to beat plastic pollution.

Plastic packaging accounts for about half of the plastic waste in the world. The most common single-use plastics found in the environment are, in order of magnitude, cigarette butts, plastic drinking bottles, plastic bottle caps, food wrappers, plastic grocery bags, plastic lids, straws and stirrers, other types of plastic bags, and foam take-away containers. (The State of Plastics Report 2018 @UNEnvironment)

Much of the plastic produced globally is designed to be thrown away. Up till 2017, an estimated 8,300 million metric tons (Mt) of virgin plastics have been produced. As of 2015, only around 9% had been recycled, 12% was incinerated, and 79% was accumulated in landfills or the natural environment. If current production and waste management trends continue, it is predicted that roughly 12,000 Mt of plastic waste will be in landfills or in the natural environment by 2050 (Geyer et.al).

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Mengorbankan gajah pigmi untuk minyak sawit

Surat kepada Pengarang                                                                                6 Jun 2018

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) terperanjat apabila mendengar berita kematian enam ekor lagi gajah pigmi di mana kejadian ini sudah bertahun-tahun berlaku di negara ini.

Gajah tidak boleh dikecualikan memandangkan kemudaratan yang berlaku kepada penyu dan jerung yang menjadi berita utama di dalam media pada tahun lalu jelas mencerminkan kurangnya perlindungan dari pihak kerajaan. Pembunuhan yang kerap berlaku itu membawa pengertian mereka yang diamanahkan untuk melindungi haiwan-haiwan tersebut tidak melakukan tanggungjawab dengan sebaiknya. Sehingga kini pihak yang melakukan pembunuhan tersebut masih belum dibawa ke muka pengadilan, sementara punca kematian gajah pigmi berkenaan serta haiwan lain masih belum dimaklumkan. Kebanyakan pembunuhan berakhir dengan siasatan yang tidak berkesudahan.

Dalam keadaan cukup menyedari bahawa gajah pigmi kini berdepan dengan kepupusan, taruhan bagi kelangsungan hidup gajah ini begitu tinggi bagi kejadian seumpamanya berulang. Begitu jugalah keadaan spesies haiwan-haiwan lain yang kini bergelut untuk hidup di Sabah akibat pengeluaran minyak sawit. Sementara keburukan yang dibawa oleh industri minyak sawit terhadap spesies orang utan cukup memeritkan, industri berkenaan turut melakukan jenayah ke atas haiwan lain.

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Sacrificing our pygmies for palm oil

Letter to Editor                                            6 June 2018

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is shocked to learn of the death of six more pygmy elephants which has been happening ad nauseam for several years.

Elephants are not an exception because the carnage to turtles and sharks has been making headlines in the previous year, which is reflective of poor government protection. That the slaughter is happening frequently can only mean that those entrusted with the task of protection are not doing enough. So far those responsible for the kills have not been charged, and the cause of deaths of the pygmies and others have yet to be established. Most killings end with unresolved investigations.

Knowing how critically endangered the pygmy elephants are, the stakes for this species’ survival are too high for incidents of this sort to happen again. The same can be said for the many other animal species who are currently fighting to survive in Sabah plagued by palm oil production. While the palm oil industry’s crippling blow to the orangutan species is monumental, the industry has the blood of other species on their hands as well.

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Penang State Government Should Review Its Mega Projects

SAM Support

CAP Press Release                                           31 May 2018 

The federal government has announced it is reviewing expensive projects in view of the high debts and the need to improve the financial situation.  CAP congratulates the government for this move.  So far the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail project and the Klang Valley MRT 3 project have been cancelled while the East Coast Rail Link (ECRL) and other projects are being reviewed.  

CAP congratulates the federal government for these bold and quick moves to save much-needed funds and improve the nation’s finances.

This review of mega projects should not be limited to federal projects.  The same review should be done by state governments, on the same principle of avoiding luxury projects and saving costs to protect the finances of the nation and state and the rakyat’s future.

The Penang state government should review the expensive projects it is involved in, and put them on hold until such a review is completed.

CAP is concerned that the new Chief Minister has made it a priority to speed up the implementation of the state’s expensive projects especially those related to the Transport Plan.  He even hoped that the new Finance Minister, who is the previous Penang Chief Minister, will be able to assist Penang in getting the projects implemented.

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Gesaan Mewartakan Segera Ulu Muda Sebagai Hutan Tadahan Air

Kenyataan Akhbar                                   23 Mei 2018

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) dan Persatuan Pengguna Pulau Pinang (CAP) menggesa Kerajaan Negeri Kedah yang baharu dilantik untukmewartakan dengan segera Hutan Simpan Ulu Muda (HSUM) sebagai hutan tadahan air dan melindunginya sebab fungsi penting hutan ini kepada masyarakat dan alam sekitar.

Kami juga menggesa Kerajaan Negeri supaya mengkaji semula dan membatalkan sebarang lesen pembalakan yang mungkin telah diluluskan oleh kerajaan sebelum ini dan menghentikan semua aktiviti dalam kawasan yang mengancam fungsi sokongan hayatnya.

HSUM dan hutan-hutan di sekelilingnya adalah amat penting untuk seluruh negara. Meliputi kawasan seluas 106,418 hektar (ha),  HSUMadalah kawasan tadahan air terbesar di wilayah utara, mengisi tiga empangan utama di Kedah iaitu Empangan Ahning, Empangan Muda dan Empangan Pedu.

Air mentah dari Ulu Muda juga mengalir melalui Sungai Muda ke Pulau Pinang. Liputan hutan di Ulu Muda ini amat kritikal dalam memenuhi keperluan air kira-kira 4.09 juta orang di negeri Perlis, Kedah dan Pulau Pinang.

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Call To Urgently Gazette Ulu Muda As Water Catchment Forests

Press Statement                                         23 May 2018 

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) and the Consumers’ Association of Penang (CAP) call on the newly elected Kedah State Government to urgently gazette the Ulu Muda Forest Reserves as water catchment forests and protect them for the vital functions these forests provide to society.

We also call on the State Government to review and revoke any logging licenses that may have been approved by the previous government and halt all such activities within the area which threaten its life-supporting functions.

The Ulu Muda Forest Reserve and surrounding forested areas (referred to as the Greater Ulu Muda Forest in brief) is of national importance. Covering a total land area of 106,418 hectares (ha), the Ulu Muda Forest Reserve (UMFR) is the largest water catchment area in the northern region, filling the three major dams in Kedah – the Ahning Dam, the Muda Dam and the Pedu Dam.

Raw water from the Ulu Muda also flows through Sungai Muda to Penang.  These forests are critical in meeting the water needs of Perlis, Kedah and Penang, and serving an estimated population of 4.09 million people in three states.

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Environmental conservation in the State of Perak is disappointing

Media  Statement                                      3 May 2018

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is disappointed with the authorities for falling short on environmental conservation efforts in Perak . Over the last few years, SAM had oft-times come across environmental issues and conflicts in the state of Perak.

The environmental issues and conflicts are contrary to the commitment expressed by the authorities to conserve the environment and develop the state sustainably. Among the issues and environmental conflicts that arise include the following three clusters, namely forestry and natural protected areas; solid waste; and urban and regional planning.

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Pemuliharaan Alam Sekitar di Negeri Perak Mengecewakan

Kenyataan Akhbar                                      3 Mei 2018

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) kecewa terhadap Pihak Berkuasa kerana masih tidak bersungguh-sungguh memulihara kesejahteraan alam sekitar di negeri Perak. Sejak beberapa tahun kebelakangan, SAM mendapati kerap timbul isu dan konflik alam sekitar di negeri Perak. 

Isu dan konflik alam sekitar yang dikenal pasti tersebut bercanggah dengan komitmen yang dizahirkan oleh pihak berkuasa untuk melestari dan membangunkan negeri secara mampan. Antara isu dan konflik alam sekitar yang berbangkit meliputi tiga kluster iaitu perhutanan dan kawasan semula jadi, sisa pepejal serta perancangan bandar dan wilayah.

 

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trash in ditch at Jalan Sungai Bakau Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan

Media Statement                                       26 March 2018

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) urges Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai (MPSP), Irrigation and Drainage Department (DID), Health Department of Penang and other authorities to investigate and resolve the problem of polluted ditches that are filled with trash at Jalan Sungai Bakau, near Hon Seng Rice Mill Sdn Bhd.

SAM’s survey here found that the water quality in the ditch has deteriorated and it is foamy, emitting bad odour and filled with trash.  The residents nearby here are uncomfortable and concerned of the poor water quality and condition of the ditch due to possible impact to their health.  We are also concerned of the foamy waters which may be caused by effluents from commercial premises in the area.

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Masalah sampah penuh dalam parit Di Jalan Sungai Bakau, Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan

Kenyataan Media                                        26 Mac 2018

Keadaan parit di jalan Sungai Bakau yang kotor dan perlu perhatian segera dari pihak PBT.        Gambar : SAM

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) menggesa Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai (MPSP), Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran (JPS), Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Pulau Pinang dan pihak-pihak lain yang berkenaan supaya memantau dan mengatasi masalah pencemaran parit yang dicemari dengan sampah serta sisa kumbahan yang berlaku di Jalan Sungai Bakau berdekatan dengan Kilang Beras Hon Seng Rice Mill Sdn. Bhd.

Tinjauan yang dijalankan kami mendapati kualiti air dalam parit berkenaan amat membimbangkan kerana ia berbuih, berbau busuk dan dipenuhi dengan sampah sarap. Itulah keadaan parit di kawasan ini yang semakin tercemar dan menyebabkan orang ramai tidak selesa selain bimbang dengan tahap kesihatan mereka. Selain itu, kami bimbang dengan keadaan air yang berbuih dan kemungkinan besar ia merupakan sisa buangan dari premis-premis perniagaan di kawasan berkenaan.

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Protect critical water resources to ensure water security

Letter to Editor                                           21 March 2018

In conjunction of World Water Day, which falls on 22nd March every year, Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) calls on the Malaysian government to protect critical water resources in Malaysia to ensure water security.  This requires classification of permanent reserved forests for protection purposes, proper management of wetlands in Malaysia and intensifying efforts to harvest rain-water.

This year’s theme, ‘Nature for Water’, explores nature-based solutions to the water challenges we face in the 21st century.  The central message is that nature-based solutions such as planting trees to replenish forests, reconnecting rivers to floodplains, and restoring wetlands, is a sustainable and cost-effective way to help re-balance the water cycle, mitigate the effects of climate change and improve human health and livelihoods.

The Eleventh Malaysia Plan recognises forests as the nation’s natural capital due to the ecosystem services they provide.  This can be exemplified by the importance of the Forest Reserves in the Ulu Muda, Kedah which serves as an important water source for the states of Kedah, Penang and Perlis, supplying 96%, 80% and 70% of the respective states daily water needs.   

When logging affects the Ulu Muda Forest Reserve (UMFR) as a water catchment area, not only economic activities in the three states are impacted, but the basic needs of water of more than 4 million people and the environment will be threatened.

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