Penglibatan Polis Dalam Melindungi Hidupan Liar Amat Diperlukan

Surat Kepada Pengarang                        18 September 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) memuji tindakan Ketua Polis Negara (IGP), Datuk Seri Abdul Hamid Bador yang menunjukkan sifat menjaga dan tanggungjawab bagi melindungi hidupan liar negara kita. Beliau membuat kenyataan yang amat positif bagi memerangi penyeludupan dan pemerdagangan dengan menggerakkan unit udara, laut dan darat bagi membantu Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar membanteras jenayah hidupan liar di darat, laut dan udara.

Jaminan daripada IGP bahawa undang-undang yang lebih keras dan tindakan serta langkah yang lebih drastik untuk memastikan pemburu haram dibawa ke muka pengadilan di bawah undang-undang Malaysia amat dialu-alukan. Perdagangan haram antarabangsa hidupan liar dan produk hidupan liar telah mencapai ke tahap krisis. Ia menjadi ancaman kepada kewujudan spesies ikonik dan menjadi penyebab kepada kepupusan hidupan liar.

Ancaman penyeludupan hidupan liar yang semakin berkembang memerlukan seruan untuk tindakan dan semakin diakui oleh kerajaan, pertubuhan pemuliharaan dan agensi penguatkuasaan undang-undang. Oleh sebab itu terdapat keperluan segera bagi mengambil kesempatan terhadap konsensus ini dan bergerak ke arah daripada hanya mengakui masalah kepada mengenal pasti strategi dan pendekatan yang boleh mencegah perdagangan ini dengan berjaya.

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Police involvement in protecting wildlife is much needed

Letter to the Editor                                    18 September 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) commends the Inspector-General of Police (IGP) Datuk Seri Abdul Hamid Bador for his duty of care and national responsibility towards the protection of our nation’s wildlife.  He has made positive statements to combat the smuggling and trafficking scourge with the mobilisation of air, marine and land units to assist the Wildlife Department in thwarting wildlife crime on land, air and sea.   

The assurance from the IGP of tougher laws and more drastic measures and actions to ensure more poachers are brought to justice under Malaysian law is most welcome.  The international illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products has reached crisis proportions.  It is a threat to the existence of iconic species and is a significant cause of the depletion of wildlife.

The growing menace of wildlife trafficking necessitates a call to action which is increasingly recognised by governments, conservation organisations and law enforcement agencies.  There is an urgent need therefore to capitalise on this consensus and move forward from just recognising the problem to identifying the strategies and approaches that can successfully prevent this trade.

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ASEAN must step up action to halt Indonesian forest fires

Press Statment                                        13 September 2019 

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) welcomes the move by the Malaysian Prime Minister in reaching out to his Indonesian counterpart in addressing the increasing transboundary haze problem which is seriously affecting Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Indonesia.

We sincerely hope that urgent measures will be taken by the Indonesian authorities to halt the forest fires stemming from Indonesia, as monitoring data from the ASEAN Specialised Meteorological Centre (ASMC) has shown that the majority of the hotspots are seen in Kalimantan and Sumatra.

The recurrence of the haze problem raises serious concerns about the effectiveness of the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution which came into effect in 2014 and over the implementation of the ‘Roadmap on ASEAN Cooperation towards Transboundary Haze Pollution Control,’ which envisions ASEAN to be haze-free by 2020, which now seems like an impossible task.

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Losing sharks and rays will have unintended consequences

Letter to Editor                                         12 September 2019 

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is devastated to learn that Malaysia had voted against the protection of shark species at risk of extinction.  The fate of the world’s sharks is in the hands of the top 20 shark catchers, Malaysia included, many of whom have failed to demonstrate what  they are doing to save these imperiled species. They need to take action to stop the decline in shark populations and help ensure that the list of species threatened by overfishing and over finning does not continue to grow.

The commitment by the proponent countries to conserve some of the oceans awe inspiring creatures at risk of extinction is  commendable.  However the protection of sharks and rays under the  Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is not a ban on the 18 shark species, but rather to control trade to ensure that international trade in sharks and shark-like fish does not drive them to extinction. 

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Menangani Kepupusan Harimau

Surat Kepada Pengarang                                   28 Ogos 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) mengalu-alukan berita mengenai komitmen kerajaan untuk menangani masalah pemburuan haram dengan meningkatkan lagi sumber manusia melalui batalion khas yang ditugaskan untuk membantu Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar (PERHILITAN) dalam mengawal hutan negara.

Bilangan harimau dianggarkan hanya tinggal kira-kira 250 ekor. Ini amat membimbangkan. Semua usaha di masa lalu tidak berkesan untuk menyelamatkan harimau. Ia hanya dapat memperlahankan kadar kemerosotannya. Waktu untuk berpeluk tubuh terhadap kelenyapan hutan dan kepupusan hidupan liar kita telah lama berlalu.

Menangguhkan tindakan untuk satu lagi dekad bukan pilihan lagi. Kini tiba masanya untuk bertindak segera dalam usaha untuk mencapai visi bagi menggandakan bilangan harimau dalam tempoh 12 tahun akan datang.

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Tackling the Diminishing of Tigers

Letter to the Editor                                      28 August 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is heartened to learn of the Government’s commitment to battle poaching by increasing manpower through a special battalion assigned to aid the Wildlife Department in the patrol of the country’s jungles. 

The number of wild tigers estimated to be left is only about 250. This is alarming.  All efforts in the past are not working to save the tigers.  At best they have only slowed the rate of their decline.  The time for mere hand wringing over our disappearing forests and diminishing wildlife has long passed.

Deferring action for another decade is not an option anymore.  It is time to act now and fast in order to achieve the vision to double tiger numbers in the next 12 years.

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Do Not Grant License For Operation Of Lead-Acid Battery Manufacturing Plant In Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, Selangor

Press Statement                                        14 August 2019 

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) urges the Selangor State Government and related government departments to reconsider the granting of the license to operate the lead-acid battery manufacturing plant in Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, which is due in late August. SAM views that it is unsuitable to operate the plant close to residential areas because the community will be exposed to pollution that can threaten their health.

Lead smelting works is hazardous to be conducted in the village. If this continues, the community is at risk of long-term health problem.

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Kaji Semula Pemberian Semula Lesen Pengoperasian Kilang Pembuatan Bateri Di Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, Selangor

Kenyataan Akbar                                      14 Ogos 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) menggesa supaya pihak Kerajaan Negeri Selangor dan jabatan-jabatan kerajaan yang berkaitan supaya mengkaji dengan sewajarnya mengenai pemberian semula lesen pengoperasian kilang pembuatan bateri di Jenjarom, Kuala Langat yang dijangkakan pada penghujung Ogos ini. SAM berpendirian bahawa amat tidak sesuai kilang terbabit beroperasi dekat kawasan perumahan kerana penduduk terdedah kepada pencemaran yang berisiko mengancam kesihatan mereka.

Malah kerja-kerja peleburan plumbum juga amat  tidak sesuai dijalankan di kawasan kampung kerana ia terlalu hampir dengan penempatan. Sekiranya perkara ini diteruskan, maka penduduk berdepan risiko kesihatan jangka panjang.

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Government must put public health and environment at centre of Lynas operations

Press Statment                                                               13 August 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia is extremely concerned by news reports that the government has decided to allow Lynas to continue operating its plant for at least another six months.  This is despite the fact that the company has not safely disposed of its hazardous radioactive wastes, either by exporting them or by already placing them in a suitable permanent disposal facility.

The present licence given by previous government to Lynas Malaysia to operate in the country is expiring on 2 September 2019. Therefore, before that date, the present government has to decide whether to renew the licence, or to let it end, or to renew it for a certain period with conditions.

Lynas Malaysia’s operation generates two types of waste: the Water Leach Purification (WLP) process which contains radioactive wastes including thorium and uranium and the neutralisation underflow residue (NUF) which is also hazardous as it contains heavy metals. Both of these wastes are subject to regulations under Malaysia’s laws.

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Isu Lynas: Kerajaan Mestilah Utamakan Kesihatan Awam dan Alam Sekitar

Kenyataan Akhbar                                     13 Ogos 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) amat bimbang oleh laporan berita bahawa kerajaan telah memutuskan untuk membenarkan Lynas meneruskan operasi kilangnya sekurang-kurangnya enam bulan lagi. Walaupun pada hakikatnya syarikat itu tidak melupuskan sisa radioaktif berbahayanya dengan selamat, sama ada dengan mengeksportnya atau dengan  menyimpannya di tapak kemudahan pelupusan kekal yang sesuai.

Lesen pada masa kini yang diberikan oleh kerajaan sebelum ini kepada Lynas Malaysia untuk beroperasi di negara ini akan tamat pada 2 September 2019. Oleh itu, sebelum tarikh itu, kerajaan sekarang perlu memutuskan sama ada untuk memperbaharui lesen atau membiarkannya berakhir atau untuk memperbaharuinya semula untuk tempoh tertentu dengan bersyarat.

Operasi Lynas Malaysia menghasilkan dua jenis sisa: proses daripada ‘Water Leach Purification’ (WLP) yang mengandungi sisa radioaktif termasuk thorium dan uranium dan ‘Neutralisation Underflow Residue’ (NUF) yang juga berbahaya memandangkan ia mengandungi logam berat. Kedua-dua sisa ini tertakluk kepada peraturan di bawah undang-undang Malaysia.

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Kemusnahan hutan dan pencabulan NCR di Sarawak: Kerajaan persekutuan wajib turun ke lapangan

Kenyataan Akhbar                                       9 Ogos  2019 

Pada Hari Antarabangsa Orang Asal Sedunia hari ini, Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) ingin mengulangi permintaan kami kepada kerajaan persekutuan untuk turun ke lapangan bagi memahami dengan terperinci bagaimana projek-projek perladangan monokultur di Sarawak telah menyebabkan kemusnahan hutan dan pencabulan hak tanah adat (NCR). Kami telah menyuarakan hal ini buat pertama kali sewaktu pelancaran penerbitan kami, The Land We Lost – Native customary rights and monoculture plantations in Sarawak (Tanah Kami yang Hilang – Hak tanah adat dan perladangan monokultur di Sarawak) pada Julai 21.

Penerbitan ini menegaskan kita wajib memahami konteks perladangan monokultur besar di Sarawak dengan tepat. Pertama, ia membabitkan kemusnahan hutan. Kedua, ia merupakan sebuah perkembangan pasca-pembalakan yang bermula pada lewat 1990an, setelah sumber kayu balak semakin berkurangan akibat dari pembalakan tidak terkawal yang dilakukan selama lebih dari dua dekad. Ketiga, ia melibatkan pencabulan NCR. Keempat, kemusnahan ini berlaku akibat dari keluasan ladang yang melampau serta cara dan konteks projek-projek ini dibangunkan, yang lazimnya melibatkan syarikat-syarikat besar. Oleh itu, kami tetap menyokong usaha melindungi kepentingan para pekebun kecil di seluruh negara. Kelima, Licence for Planted Forest (LPF) di bawah bidangkuasa Jabatan Hutan Sarawak, walaupun melibatkan 285,520 hektar tanaman sawit, pada dasarnya adalah permit untuk penanaman kayu kertas dan balak. Pada tahun 2017, keluasan kawasan LPF ini adalah 2.8 juta hektar, lebih luas lagi dari kawasan penanaman sawit menurut data Lembaga Minyak Sawit Malaysia (MPOB) yang berjumlah 1.5 juta hektar di Sarawak.

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Deforestation and NCR violations in Sarawak: Federal government must conduct ground visits

Press Statment                                          9 August 2019

In conjunction with the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) wishes to repeat our request to the federal government to conduct ground visits in order to understand in detail how monoculture plantations in Sarawak have caused deforestation and the violations of the native customary rights (NCR). We first put this request forward during the launching of our publication, The Land We Lost – Native customary rights and monoculture plantations in Sarawak, on July 21.

This publication stresses on how we must understand the context of large monoculture plantations in Sarawak accurately. First, they involve deforestation. Second, they are a post-logging development, a result of the depletion in timber resources, caused by indiscriminate logging conducted for more than two decades. Third, they involve NCR violations. Fourth, the excessive size of the plantations does matter, along with the manner and context in which the projects are developed, typically by corporations. As such, we continue to be supportive towards any effort to protect the interests of smallholders all over the country. Fifth, the Licence for Planted Forests (LPF) under the jurisdiction of the Sarawak Forests Department, of which 285,520 hectares are under oil palm cultivation, in principle, is the permit for the cultivation of pulp and paper and timber trees. In 2017, the size of LPF areas stood at 2.8 million hectares, larger than the size of oil palm cultivation in Sarawak, which according to the data from the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB), stood at 1.5 million hectares.

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