Hentikan Penambakan Laut! SAM melancarkan laporan “Kesan-Kesan Penambakan Laut di Malaysia”

Kenyataan Akhbar                                     27 Februari 2019 

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) menggesa Kerajaan Malaysia untuk membatalkan semua cadangan projek penambakan laut di Malaysia.  Gesaan ini adalah berdasarkan kepada kajian dan hasil tinjauan SAM yang mendapati masyarakat persisiran pantai dan eksosistem laut adalah terjejas akibat projek penambakan laut.  Projek penambakan juga menjejas hak dan sumber pendapatan nelayan.

Terbitan baru SAM bertajuk “Kesan-Kesan Penambakan Laut di Malaysia” membutirkan kesan-kesan ke atas biologi, sosio-ekonomi, fizikal, sosio-kebudayaan dan lain-lain impak penambakan, dengan menengahkan beberapa kes di Malaysia. Kajian SAM mendapati bahawa pembangunan di persisiran pantai dan projek tambakan telah merompak penggunaan serta akses nelayan dan komuniti kepada sumber persisiran pantai dan laut.

Beribu-ribu hektar kawasan menangkap ikan dan habitat marin telah hilang kerana kegilaan untuk penambakan.  Projek penambakan telah dicadangkan atau dijalankan di Kedah, Perak, Pulau Pinang, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Johor, Pahang dan Kelantan. Sebagai contoh di Pulau Pinang, kerajaan negeri bercadang untuk menebusguna 4,500 ekar kawasan laut di selatan pulau ini, dengan mengabaikan kehidupan masyarakat nelayan dan sumber marin di sini.

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Stop Reclaiming Our Seas! SAM launches report on Impacts of Coastal Reclamation in Malaysia

Press Statement                                    27 February 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) calls upon the Malaysian government to cancel all proposed coastal reclamation projects in the country. The call is based on findings of SAM research and field surveys which indicate that coastal communities and the marine ecosystem have been adversely affected by coastal reclamation projects. The reclamation projects also infringe on fishers rights to livelihood.

SAM’s new publication titled “Impacts of Coastal Reclamation in Malaysia” details the biological,  physical, socio-economic, socio-cultural and other impacts of reclamation, highlighting several cases in Malaysia.  SAM’s study finds that coastal development and reclamation projects have robbed fishers and communities of use and access to coastal and marine resources. 

Thousands of hectares of fishing grounds and marine habitat have disappeared due to the craze for reclamation.Reclamation projects are abound in Kedah, Penang, Perak, Selangor, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Johor, Pahang and Kelantan. For example in Penang, the state government plans to reclaim 4,500 acres south of Penang island, neglecting the heavy toll on fisher communities and marine resources.

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No Justification To Lift Moratorium On Bauxite Mining

Press Release                                          19 Februari 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is shocked to learn of the decision by Water, Land and Natural Resources Minister (WLNR), Dr. Xavier Jayakumar to lift the moratorium on bauxite mining in Pahang and for activities to resume effective 1 April.

While the WLNR Ministry is responsible for regulating the mining industry including bauxite, it does not have the jurisdiction and authority to regulate the environmental impacts of such mining activities, which is within the purviewof the Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change (MESTECC) for the enforcement of the Environmental Quality Act, 1974.

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Tiada Justifikasi Untuk Menarik Balik Moratorium Perlombongan Bauksit

Kenyataan  Akhbar                                19 Februari 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) amat terkejut dengan keputusan yang dibuat oleh Menteri Air, Tanah dan Sumber Asli, Dr. Xavier Jayakumar menarik balik moratorium terhadap perlombongan bauksit di Pahang dan bagi aktiviti disambung semula berkuatkuasa 1 April.

Sementara Kementerian Air, Tanah dan Sumber Asli (WLNR) bertanggungjawab untuk mengawal industri perlombongan termasuk bauksit, ia tidak mempunyai kuasa untuk mengawal kesan alam sekitar seperti aktiviti perlombongan, yang terletak di bawah Kementerian Tenaga, Sains, Teknologi, Alam Sekitar dan Perubahan Iklim (MESTECC) bagi penguatkuasaan Akta Kualiti Alam Sekeliling 1974.

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SAM is disappointed with approval of Monoculture Plantation Development Projects in Permanent Reserved Forests in Perak

Press Statement                                     15 February 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) is disappointed and objects the approval allegedly given by the Perak State Authority for development of monoculture plantations in Kledang Saiong Forest Reserve (HS Kledang Saiong) and Bukit Kinta Forest Reserve (HS Bukit Kinta) in the Forest District of Kinta Manjung which is going viral in social media. We also object other monoculture plantation development projects planned in the state.

SAM views that the policy on promoting the development of forest plantations (monoculture plantation) within Permanent Reserved Forests (PRF) should be abolished.

Typically, the justification and grounds of State Authorities to approve a monoculture plantation development project is that the identified areas are defined as poor forests or degraded forests.

It is to be noted that a PRF in Malaysia becomes a poor forest or degraded forest not because of natural factors but due to human factors, especially encroachment and illegal exploration.

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SAM kecewa dengan kelulusan Projek Pembangunan Ladang Hutan di Hutan Simpanan Kekal di Negeri Perak

Kenyataan Akhbar                                  15 Februari 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) kecewa dan membantah berhubung dakwaan Pihak Berkuasa Negeri telah meluluskan projek pembangunan ladang hutan di Hutan Simpan Kledang Saiong (HS Kledang Saiong) dan Hutan Simpan Bukit Kinta (HS Bukit Kinta), Daerah Hutan Kinta Manjung yang tular terutama di media sosial serta lain-lain projek pembangunan ladang hutan di negeri Perak.

SAM berpendirian bahawa dasar berhubung penggalakkan melaksana pembangunan ladang hutan (ladang monokultur) dalam kawasan Hutan Simpanan Kekal (HSK) perlu dimansuhkan.

Kebiasaannya, justifikasi dan alasan utama Pihak Berkuasa Negeri meluluskan sesuatu projek pembangunan ladang monokultur ialah kerana kawasan yang dikenal-pasti ditakrifkan sebagai hutan miskin atau hutan terosot.

Perlu diketahui bahawa sesuatu kawasan HSK di Malaysia menjadi hutan miskin atau hutan terosot bukan disebabkan oleh faktor semula-jadi tetapi disebabkan oleh faktor manusia terutama kegiatan pencerobohan dan penerokaan haram.

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Wilayah adat Penan di Batu Bungan, Mulu, Sarawak diancam projek perladangan

Bantahan dari sebahagian kaum menan di kampung Batu Bungan, Sarawak    Gambar : SAM

Surat Kepada Pengarang                        14 Februari 2019

SAM baru-baru ini telah menerima laporan dari kaum Penan di Kampung di Batu Bungan di Mulu, Sarawak, bahawa pada bulan Januari tahun ini, pembinaan jalan untuk sebuah projek perladangan sawit telah mula menceroboh ke dalam wilayah adat mereka, yang bersebelahan dengan Taman Negara Gunung Mulu, sebuah Tapak Warisan Dunia UNESCO. Sebagai tindakbalas, kampung tersebut telah membina sebuah halangan jalan (blockade) dan membuat sebuah laporan polis untuk menghentikan pencerobohan tersebut. Namun, halangan tersebut dilaporkan telah diruntuhkan oleh para pekerja operasi pembinaan jalan tersebut.

Pada bulan September tahun lalu, Menteri Industri Perladangan persekutuan telah mengumumkan bahawa kerajaan yang baru tidak akan membenarkan lagi penambahan keluasan perladangan sawit di negara ini, untuk memastikan Malaysia dapat mengekalkan liputan berhutan sebanyak 50 peratus. Pada bulan Disember, Sarawak diberitakan turut menyatakan komitmen mereka di dalam usaha ini. Walaupun kami turut menerima baik perkembangan ini, seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh kes Kampung Batu Bungan ini, masih lagi terdapat pelbagai isu yang belum lagi diselesaikan berkenaan dengan hal ini.

Menurut Jabatan Hutan Sarawak, di bawah sistem Lesen untuk Ladang Hutan (LPF) mereka, sebanyak 43 buah lesen perladangan kayu telah pun dikeluarkan, meliputi 2.8 juta hektar. Lesen-lesen ini meliputi estet hutan kekal yang terwarta dan hutan kerajaan yang tidak terwarta. Sesetengah dari lesen ini juga telah dibenarkan untuk meluangkan tidak lebih dari 20 peratus kawasan lesen mereka untuk penanaman kelapa sawit. Kawasan boleh-tanam dianggarkan seluas 1.3 juta hektar bagi ladang kayu dan 285,520 hektar bagi kelapa sawit. Setakat Disember 2013, sebanyak 325,314 hektar ladang kayu dan 146,578 hektar ladang sawit telah dibangunkan.

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Penan customary territory in Batu Bungan, Mulu, Sarawak threatened by plantation project

LETTER TO EDITOR                                14 February 2019

SAM has recently received reports from the Penan community of Kampung Batu Bungan in Mulu, Sarawak that in January this year, road construction for an oil palm plantation began to encroach on their customary territory, which is adjacent to the Gunung Mulu National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Area. In response, the community had set up a blockade and lodged a police report in Marudi to halt the encroachment. However, the blockade was then reportedly dismantled by the road construction workers.

In September last year, the federal Minister of Plantation Industries announced that the new government will not allow any more expansion of oil palm plantations in the country in its effort to ensure that Malaysia maintains a 50 per cent forest cover. By December, Sarawak was also reported to be committed to this. Although we applaud this move, as the Kampung Batu Bungan case shows, there are still many unresolved issues surrounding the matter.

According to the Sarawak Forests Department, under its Licence for Planted Forests (LPF) system, 43 timber tree plantation licences have been issued over 2.8 million hectares. These licences are located on both the reserved permanent forest estates as well as non-reserved stateland forests. Some of the licences are also allowed to devote not more than 20 per cent of their concession areas for the cultivation of oil palm. Plantable areas are estimated to be at 1.3 million hectares and 285,520 hectares for timber trees and oil palm, respectively. As of December 2013, 325,314 hectares and 146,578 hectares have been planted with timber trees and oil palm, respectively.

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The trade in reptiles

Letter to Editor                                       1 February 2019
The   media report  on the seizure of live baby crocodiles at Sibu airport   is not a new incident.  A similar incident occurred in May 2018 in which  an illegal shipment of 50 live crocodiles from Malaysia were seized by border officers at Heathrow Airport.               
The shocking truth is the manner in which the year old  juvenile saltwater crocodiles were transported.  These reptiles weighing around 40kgs, had not been packed in accordance with International  Air Transport   Association (IATA) regulations, invalidating their permit and making the importation illegal.

They were discovered in horrific condition  by Grant Miller, head of the national Border Force Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) at Heathrow who commented,  “It is just not acceptable for reptiles to be transported in this way.”

Each box only had room for four crocodiles but instead 10  foot-long reptiles had been packed into each one.  Due to very limited space the crocodiles started fighting each other during the flight resulting in the death of one saltwater crocodile.

Apart from contravening of CITES regulations, this is a clear example of how Malaysian wildlife exporters and traders are only into profits without any regard for animal welfare.  Squeezing as many reptiles into a box  while limiting the number of boxes used  in order to save costs is the norm for these wildlife exporters.

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Penang State must make public findings of investigations into Jalan Bukit Kukus landslide tragedy

Press Release                                          31 Jan 2019

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) and the Consumers Association of Penang (CAP) call on the Penang state government to make public its findings into the Jalan Bukit Kukus landslide tragedy and to disclose the conditions under which works are being allowed to proceed.

This call is made in the wake of works being allowed to proceed on the road, following the lifting of stop-work orders issued by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health as well as the Majlis Bandaraya Pulau Pinang (MBPP), as reported in the media today.

Given that the State had carried out internal investigations on the tragedy which occurred on Oct.17 which saw the loss of 9 lives, it is vital for the findings to be made public, so that there is transparency in the process.

We would like to know if the relevant authorities are being held accountable for their inactions in relation to the tragedy.

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