Encroachment on Orang Asli Customary Land in Malaysia: Causes & Solutions

Orang Asli Report

The publication of this report is the outcome of a partnership project between Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM) and the Jaringan Kampung Orang Asli Semenanjung Malaysia (JKOASM) which took place between July 2015 and June 2016.  Essentially, the publication argues that encroachments on Orang Asli customary land in Peninsular Malaysia have been caused by systemic governance and legal conditions, as opposed to isolated incidents occurring as a result of the violations of legislative requirements or executive directives. The publication contains 12 in-depth reports involving 13 Orang Asli customary territories in Kelantan, Pahang and Perak. It also analyses the effectiveness of the legal and governance framework in Peninsular Malaysia in providing adequate protection for the Orang Asli customary land. Click here to download report.

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Pencerobohan Tanah Adat Orang Asli di Semenanjung Malaysia: Punca & Penyelesaian

Lapuran Pencerobohan Tanah adat orang Asli

Penerbitan laporan ini adalah hasil sebuah projek kerjasama kami dengan Jaringan Kampung Orang Asli Semenanjung Malaysia (JKOASM) yang berlangsung dari Julai 2015 ke Jun 2016. Pada dasarnya, penerbitan ini menekankan bahawa pencerobohan tanah adat Orang Asli adalah berpunca dari permasalahan sistemik kepemerintahan dan perundangan, dan bukannya kejadian-kejadian terasing akibat dari perlanggaran perundangan tergubal atau arahan eksekutif. Penerbitan ini mengandungi 12 buah laporan terperinci yang melibatkan 13 buah wilayah tanah adat Orang Asli di Kelantan, Pahang dan Perak. Penerbitan ini turut memberikan analisis tentang keberkesanan kerangka perundangan dan kepemerintahan di Semenanjung Malaysia dalam memberikan perlindungan yang kukuh terhadap tanah adat Orang Asli. Muat turun lapuran di sini.

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Cadangan penambahbaikan terhadap pengurusan hutan di Negeri Kelantan

perjumpaan nik amar

muat turun di sini - Memorandum Cadangan penambahbaikan terhadap pengurusan hutan di Negeri Kelantan

SAM bersama wakil Orang Asal telah mengadakan pertemuan dengan Timbalan Menteri Besar Kelantan pada 1 November 2016. SAM telah mengemukakan satu memorandum cadangan penambahbaikan terhadap pengurusan hutan di Negeri Kelantan. SAM berharap pihak kerajaan negeri dapat mengambil perhatian serius tentang cadangan dan syor yang di buat oleh SAM. 


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Malaysian Overseas Foreign Direct Investment in oil palm land bank - Report

Overseas FDI Report

In June 2014, Sahabat Alam Malaysia called on the Malaysian Government to address the negative impacts and unethical practices of its overseas or outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) in the past few years. Although the outflow of Malaysian investments abroad have been more than the inflow of investments into the country, serious concerns have arisen in relation to the impact of the palm oil industry in particular.

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Memorandum - Improving Sarawak's EIA process

Memo - Improve Sarawak EIA process

SAM submitted a memorandum to the government in 2014 urging them to revamp the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process in Sarawak. Besides critiquing the EIA process in the state, SAM also made a number of recommendations to streamline the process with the Peninsular process. 

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Legislators' Briefing No. 2014 - 1

legislator briefing no. 2014-1

This briefing paper was prepared in March 2014 in time for the Parliament sitting. It was designed for law and policy makers on the need to align all statutory provisions on matters related to land, forestry, conservation and indigenous peoples in Peninsular Malaysia with judicial decisions on indigenous customary land rights. 

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Legislators' Briefing Paper No. 2014 - 2

legislators' briefing paper no. 2014-2

SAM prepared a briefing paper for the March 2014 Parliament sitting for law and policy makers. This paper discussed the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade - Voluntary Partnership Agreement (FLEGT-VPA). The paper served as a background for law and policy makers on indigenous customary land rights and the issuance of MYTLAS licence prior to the signing of the VPA, among others.  

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Empangan dan kesan-kesannya

Risalah Empangan

Risalah ini berkenaan dengan empangan besar dan kesan-kesan kepada alam sekitar. 

This brochure is about the impacts of large scale dams. 

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SAM's Position Paper - Legal implications of the failure in instituting policy and legislative reforms

Position Paper - legislative and policy reforms

SAM's position paper on the legal implications in the failure to institute policy and legislative reforms in relation to customary land rights was endorsed by Jaringan Orang Asal dan NGO Tentang Isu-Isu Hutan / Network of Indigenous Peoples and Non-Governmental Organisations on Forest Issues (JOANGOHutan), Jaringan Orang Asal SeMalaysia / The Indigenous Peoples’ Network of Malaysia (JOAS), Jaringan Tanah Hak Adat Bangsa Asal Sarawak / The Sarawak Native Customary Land Rights Network (TAHABAS), Sarawak Indigenous Lawyers Association (SILA), Save Rivers Network and Dr. Yogeswaran Subramaniam, Advocate & Solicitor, High Court of Malaya.

This paper was submitted to the European Union during SAM's lobby trip to Europe in 2013. 

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From Policy to Reality


Friends of the Earth Asia Pacific has released a critical analysis on forestry governance in Malaysia and the timber importation and procurement policies of Japan, South Korea and Australia.

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